Posted in NJIT (Sprong 2020)

PTC 606852-Advanced Information Design

During my Advanced Information Design course, I learned the essentials of being an instructional design. Through this, I was able to turn my research idea into a digital learning space for all to access. With that said, this page displays my assignments, projects, and growth throughout this course. From this course, I was able to build my mock site to my now TAWP e learning site!

Below are links to my assignments done through the course of the semester:

Unit 1 Assignment

Unit 1 Discussion: Traits Of An Instructional Designer

Unit 2 Assignment: Analyze and Outcomes

Style Guide

The Dick & Carey Model Presentation

Unit 3 Assignent Timeline

Creating An Introduction

Setup Your Training Website

*Note: These are not all of the assignments assigned for this course, but these are the core components that led me to making my final site for my thesis research!

Posted in Research & Methodologies

Phenomenology, Discourse Analysis, and Grounded Theory

SUMMARY

This article gives a breakdown of the following qualative methodologies: Phenomenology, Discourse Analysis, and Grounded Theory. Within the artile, Starks and Trinidad gives a simplistic breakdown of these methodoligies as in defining them, explaining how data is collected, how to go about using the methods, and etc. This article really gets down to the nitty gritty and puts theory into practice (obviously my favorite saying at this point); these methodologies were put into use, using the same research topic in the health filed involoving Primary Care physiciand and prostate screen caring. Each methodology poses its own questions with t e set of data given for the research.

REBUTAL

I belive this article gives a great simplistic but informative breakdwon of these three methodologies, while also giving a great research to follow behind. Even though at this point of the semester, I already have an inderstanding of these methodologies, this article reassures me of my undersatnding. The authors explanations of this artcile, and the fact that it is short and sweet, made the reading even more enjoyable! I was a bit worried about the topic, due to being in the health field, but breakdown of the study made it so easy to understand. Quite honestly, this article is in my top 5 articles from this semester.

Turning Theory into Practice: Using this information in my own studies!

At this point in the semester, I am doing my last bits of cleanup for my research proposal paper! My main focus is to finish up my litearture review and breaking down the methodology I will be using (good old Grounded Theory!). I belive I will be using this article because it gives me an even better undersatnding of Grounded Theory and how to go about using it. My research topic does not having anything to do within the health field, but I am using the one of the methodologies and having more information to simplify it makes completing my proposal much easier.

Posted in Research & Methodologies

Computers in Human Behaviors

Summary

The base of this article is discusses the phenomenon of online classroom discussion surrounded around these two proposed research questions: (a)How do students’ uniqueness – seeking needa relatae to the different discource moves they exhibit in online discussion? (b) What does a comparison of dicource moves and feelings about the online discussion (enjoyment and engagment) across the semester reveal about students withdiffrent uniqness – seeking needs? The research was conducted through 13 graduate – level students, in the setting of an onlince clasroom. The groups were broken up into 4 subgropus catogorized as: Group 1 (high contributors), Groiup 2 (mid contributors), Group 3 (low contributors), and a special case. The data was drawn using the discource anaalytic approach and constant comparison coding.

Rebuttal

This article was very helpful to my own research interest! As far as I can see, there is reall a gap in literatuer for this article (again, not a true professional). This article was simplistic in a term that I was able to follow along while also making my own mental ties. This article has a lot of relevence to it, espically now that under these curcumstances, students are pratically glued to their screens! But any who, I enjoyed reading this article.

Turing Theory into Practice: Making Connects!

I recall in the early stages of the semester when Dr. Nelson explained how articles embed (non technical terms) within articles can ultimately help us in our own research inquiries. Quietly honestly, I had no idea what the was talking about. But now, approximately 3 classes away from this semester being over… I get it! I plan use this article (and others embed into it) to finish off my last couple of articles needed for my Research Proposal. Another takeaway from this article is the formatting I would like to go with within discussing my literature review. The Background literature in this particular article was laid out very simplistic and easy to follow. I like to format my scholarly work in way that is simplistic for not all, but most to understand!

Posted in Research & Methodologies

Impact on advanced academic literacy development

Summary

In this article, Orna Ferenz (PhD in Linguistics) conducts an experiment based on L2 English learner, NNSE graduate students, with experience in a required EFL academic writing course. Each participant within the study holds different degrees, study backgrounds, and native language: 2 PhD, 4 MA; 5 Hebrew native speaker and 1 Russian native speaker. This study shows how a socially driven environment has an impact on the students’ advancement in English literacy skills. Ferenz wants to know if social networking beyond the basic groups (ex: teachers, classmates, advisory, and etc) will progress the students’ abilities in building social and academic relationships.This research conducted interviews and post interviews to collect data from the participants. 

My Thoughts

In my personal opinion, I believe there should have been more participants. Even though it was pretty simple to follow through (thank you!), I think the research would have came out a lot different. Six people can not generate enough information to go off. Referring to Megan’s post:

“I think this study could have been done differently. Out of 31, 200, to choose only six representatives ( 5 females and 1 male), is not proper. I understand choosing different academic departments, but I think Ferenz could’ve used more samples, split the six into an equal gender amount (3 boys and 3 girls), or expand the study outside the university to possibly other universities with similar departments and/or increased the length of time for the study (half a year).”

I totally agree with Megan in the sense of adding more diversity. But now even questioning Ferenz research, it makes me ponder on my own…

Making Connections

In a way, my research approach is somewhat similar to Ferenz (specifically surveys being conducted.. possibly some interviews). I am hoping that I have at least 10 students using my program (T.A.W.P) and fun fact.. a lot of the students I will be working with are L2 learners (Spanish and Creole being the native languages). My expected time frame of working with them is September 2020 – November 2020. Obviously my subjects are much younger and do not hold the educational background as the subjects in Ferenz study, but there are some common ground: L2 learners, all at the same school, etc.

Posted in Research & Methodologies

The Reason behind my madness; Back story of my research!

Upon entering into Spring 2020 semester, I had an idea of what type of job field I wanted to enter into. From Summer 2019 up until now, blogging and using the digital space is something I have grown accustomed to through using this method in the M.A. Writing Studies program. With that said, I decided to delve into the world of technical writing. Even though I knew I wanted to continue my writing studies academics into technical writing, I was not sure how narrow I was in my search. I knew I liked to write in the digital space; I wanted to get into technical writing; and I wanted to use this career field to educate students… but how? That is when this semester of Spring 2020 opened up a world of possibilities!

Not only am I currently a student at Kean, but I am also a part time graduate student at NJIT. Within this semester at NJIT, I am currently taking Advanced Information Design. The core of this course is to pick an interesting topic that I am knowledgeable about to creating an eLearning tutorial. Knowing in the back of my mind that I potentially want to use the Writing Process for my thesis project, I decided to go with turning the Writing Process into my topic of my ID course. As I continued to learn more about Instructional Design and apply my knowledge of the Writing Process to my project, an idea popped in my head; “This eLearning is actually coming out pretty cool! Now how can I put this to practical use?” My target audience for this project is 3rd grade students, so why not use real 3rd grade students? This is where my research took a turn in the perfection direction! Not only will this tool be potentially impact, I am also gaining experience in the practical use of Instructional Design. I am excited to see where this research takes me!

Posted in Research & Methodologies

The Adventures of The Writing Project: 1st Draft Research Proposal

During my time serving as a Reading Coach under the organization AmeriCorps, I was assigned within a 2nd grade English Language Arts class. Within the two years, 2018-2020, that I have served, I noticed a common phenomenon that appeared for each class of 2nd grade students I worked with. These 2nd grade students had and continue to have struggles within approaching writing. The issue of writing that I am referring to is not the physical mechanics of writing (i.g. Handwriting, constructing sentences, spelling, etc.), what I am referring to is the process of writing. 

The Writing Process can be defined as the following: A writing process describes the series of physical and mental actions that people take in the course of producing any kind of text. With that said, coming into my second term as a Reading Coach alongside my first year as a graduate student within the M.A. in English Writing Studies program, I have come to an understanding of this phenomenon within my classroom. My research study is to test the effectiveness of my program T.A.W.P in aiding students with the Writing Process. 

Currently in my first semester as a part-time online graduate student at NJIT, I am taking the Advanced Information Design course. Within this course, we were assigned to pick a topic that we would like to turn into an eLearning course module; the topic should be an area of study that we are both passionate about and have knowledge on. I chose teaching the Writing Process to 3rd students, to help aid in the learning gap when approaching writing. The T.A.W.P program is the variable at play, that I am testing to see if it will cause a change in the students’ learning.

Below is a screenshot of my eLearning (T.A.W.P) content home page:

Posted in Research & Methodologies

A Phenomenological Research Design Illustrated

Overview of Article

This article first starts off by giving a brief history of the origin of Phenomenology; originating with German philosophizer, Edmund Husserl (1859-1938). In the most simplistic way, phenomenology is defined be the following: “…based on the premise that reality consists of objects and events (“phenomena”) as they are perceived or understood in the human consciousness, and not of anything independent of human consciousness.” The article also goes on to give the essential break down to understand how to approach this research methodology. For more “visual learners”, here is a YouTube that was very helpful to me when understanding this methodology: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_poJRQygJtc

Turning Theory into Practice: Applying Phenomenology to Art!

Like many of my post about these different methodologies, I try to make sense of them by applying it to my own research question. In the case of this methodology, I aim to take a different approach; in stead of applying this theory to my own research question, I will apply it to my original love… Art! Since phenomenology is the methodology associated with the phenomenon of how humans experience reality, I believe the studying of my own art goes well wit it! If you have time, please take a glimpse through this article… it is what gave me the idea to use phenomenology in this way. For clarification, this is not a full on research, but more so a test drive of the methodology in a simplistic form. I will be using the format used in the above article I summarized.

The research paradigm of a study undertaken

The selection of topic I will be going with is the following: How does my experience and understanding within me reading different novels showcase through my art? I am pretty sure this question can defined way better, but we will go with this for now. I think this research method is good for my question because like the article said, “Phrenologists, in contrast to positivists, believe that the researcher cannot be detached from his/her own presupposition and the researcher should not pretend otherwise.” In short, I am to put my already prejudged ideas about my own art and how I experience them.

Locating the research participants/informants

In the case of my “research question”, I am my own research participant.

Data-gathering methods

The way the data would be gather for my research question is by collecting and keep track of each painting/art design I do for each book that I read in the span of time that I will do the research.

Data-storing methods

I would keep digitized version of each art piece alongside the books.

Explicitation of the data

Validity and truthfulness

Since this is my sample mini version of the research methodology, I stopped at Explicitaion due to me not completely understanding! With that, it was interesting to put this theory to the text.

Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5geMLe5tbM

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/enomenology/

Posted in Research & Methodologies

Discourse Analysis

Basic Overview of Reading

I would like to first start off by defining Discourse Analysis: “In discourse analysis, the context of a conversation is taken into account as well as what’s being said. This context may encompass a social and cultural framework, including the location of a speaker at the time of the discourse, as well as nonverbal cues such as body language, and, in the case of textual communication, it may also include images and symbols (hyperlink: https://www.thoughtco.com/discourse-analysis-or-da-1690462).” 

This article is basically addressing how to collect, analyze and in a sense evaluate how data that infers statements, speeches, news, reports, announcements, expressions, and etc. Any and all related to the information and understandings, assumptions, perceptions, attitudes, opinions, or awareness of the employees about IS.

Turning Theory into Practice! My Attempt to Conduct Discourse Analysis…

Bringing it back to practicality and applying this information to my own research question. The population of people my research question is based around are minors (3rd grade students). Discourse analysis is a research method for studying written or spoken language in relation to its social context (hyperlink: https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/discourse-analysis/). Within this article, it gives a basic breakdown of how to conduct discourse analysis. And here, I implement my favorite phrase: “Being practical! Turning theory into practice.”.

Step 1: Define the research question and select the content of analysis

“What is the effectiveness of implementing the digital writing program, T.A.W.P, into a 3rd Grade classroom?”

I am looking into how a digital writing eLearning tool can aid with 3rd Grade students writing. There are many educational programs designed for reading and phoenix. In contrast, there are many programs that teach the motor skills of how to write, but I lack to see any approach writing in interpersonal humanistic form; as in the Writing Process. 

Step 2: Gather information and theory on the context

Currently, I am still obtaining my articles of material to give me deeper insight on how to answer my question and ways to approach my instructional material

Step 3: Analyze the content for themes and patterns

This process will be done in alignment with the designated school where the field study will be done.

Step 4: Review your results and draw conclusions

When I draw conclusions, I plan to apply these results from the field study to make necessary changes to the e Learning content, while also developing new learning content.  

Bonus Track!

I am very fortunate to meet the most interesting intellectuals throughout my everyday life! My dear friend and future colleague, Tony Ellis, broke down to me the underlying variables and all that fun stuff into my research question. He is a fellow graduate student who attends Montclair State University and will graduate this upcoming May with his M.A. in Physiology. Just as I. Tony is really into research and wishes to continue his studies as a researcher! Here is a short discussion we had about my research question:

Ted Talk with Tony!

Other Sources

https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/discourse-analysis/

https://www.thoughtco.com/discourse-analysis-or-da-1690462)

Posted in Research & Methodologies

101 of Case Study Research!

Summary of the Reading

This article gives the reader the breakdown of not just Case Study Research but how to apply practically with student researchers. Case Study Research can be defined as the following: A research strategy and an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. Case studies are based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group or event to explore the causes of underlying principles. In the case of this article, it goes on to use a case study in nursing. This research methodology is often taught in qualitative research and mostly used in the social sciences to understand a particular situation involving a person or a particular group. For more clarification, I watched this youtube video to help me get a better understanding (which really helped!)

Thinking Practical: My thoughts and rebuttal to the Reading

Like all the readings, I like to try to understand the research methodology by putting into practical terms with my own research question: What is the effectiveness of implementing a digital writing tool designed by me, into a 3rd Grade ELA classroom. Even though I am preferbally drawn to the Grounded Theory for my particular research question (Patricia ‘Grounded Theory’ Dennis), I still see ways that I can also use Case Study Research as well. So in this post, I will do a kind of test run through some of the components presented in the article with this theory to display my understanding of it.

Prior to Beginning

The article states, “Time in the field, lengthy interviews and transcription and analysis are all factors that should be thought out well in advance of engaging with participants.” Tieng this back to my own research question, my work as a Reading Coach within a 2nd Grade class for a duration of an entire school year is considered my time in the field. During this duration of time is where I am interacting, engaging, and gathering information on the case: my 2nd Grade students.

Obviously, it would almost be virtually impossible to try and go through this an entire Case Study Research in one week, so I also decided to source another article to give an even more simple breakdown of this research methodology.

“Identifying a case to investigate involves more than choosing the research problem. A case study encompasses a problem contextualized around the application of in-depth analysis, interpretation, and discussion, often resulting in specific recommendations for action or for improving existing conditions.”: In the case of my research question it would inlet going through the students bench mark assessments, previous work, and etc.

Does the case represent an unusual or atypical example of a research problem that requires more in-depth analysis? This may be a bias opinion but in the case of my current 2nd Grade class, they are a case that is unusually low learning level with a continuous representation of that.

Does the case provide important insight or illuminate a previously hidden problem? Yes, yes, and yes! As I stated previously, these particular group of students are known for having low testing and subject matter grades. This issues has been very apparent to me while working with them. This is how my research question was born!

This article goes on to further breakdown the questions, process, and steps to take in order to see if your proposed questions fits the framework of Case Study Research.

Conclusion

Quite honestly, in my opinion I think this type of research methodology would be ideal for those looking to solve underling issues that are not either addressed or solved. I think this research methodology would best fit when trying to solve issues within a classroom (speaking the perspective of a teacher, Ms. P!)

Other sources I used: https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/casestudy, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuG8AzK9GVQ

Posted in Research & Methodologies

Grounded Theory & Me!

Response to Migilaccio, Todd & Melzer, Dan. Using Grounded Theory in Writing Assessment. The WAC Journal Volume 22 (2011): 78-88

Grounded Theory in a general understanding involves the collection and analysis of data. The theory is considered “grounded” in the data collected, which in short translates the analysis and development of theories happens after collecting the data. This theory is considered towards qualitative theory, but can be used in different areas of research. 

To simplify it even more, the best way I can put it is the following: “Think of Grounded Theory that is “grounded” from raw data/information to create a new theory all your own! You gather the data and code it. Meaning you categorize it based on the levels of importance… (Dennis & Mentor 2020).”

I found the reading Using Grounded Theory in Writing Assessment very interesting because it made me look at my own research question and ponder on the idea of using Grounded Theory to approach my question. Delving into the article, Grounded Theory is used to approach writing assessment, which most students across all disciplines have struggling doing. The idea of writing itself can be daunting for both students and instructors; in the case for this article it is the sociology department faculty and students. 

Another aspect of the article that I found interesting was the way that Grounded Theory would benefit not just one discipline such as composition but for writing in all disciplines. “As a research methodology that emphasizes dialogue, context, and a relationship between analysis and theory building, grounded theory aligns… , constructivist trends in writing assessment, and it can be presented to departments across disciplines as an alternative to the more traditional, positivist approach of formulating a rubric, scoring essays, and writing up a report to gather dust in an administrator’s file cabinet (Migliaccio & Melzer, pgs 79-80 ).”  Quite honestly, I think many students who struggle to meet the criteria of writing assessment rubrics would benefit from the research and results from this theory. We are growing in age of writing becoming humanistic, instead of facts on facts.Grounded Theory all in sense, to my understanding is backtracking your steps in the data that you gather with something new and profound to aid to information to solve an issue.

The more I read and began to understand the “groundedness” of Grounded Theory, the more I began to evaluate how I have been already obtaining my own raw data with my past and current 2nd Grade students. From annotating their writing over the course of the school year, tracking their reading log amount/content, 1-on-1 conferences, and other supplement material I create to help them with their writing assessments/assignments.  

This reading helped me feel more confident in my own research question and what research methodology I would use to research my question, which is the following: What is the effectiveness of implementing a Digital Literacy designed learning tool (by me) into a control group within a 3rd ELA class?  To elaborate on that question, I was then asked by Dr. Nelson my purpose, data, and intentions on how I would answer my question: 

The question I proposed is important to me because working as a Reading Coach in an urban school, I see the issue a lot of my students face when it comes to writing. They need that extra in class support to understand the concept of the writing process and how to approach it. Unfortunately, it is not common to have in class support in all classrooms. I want to design eLearning content that focuses on the issues of writing that our students face today.

The data I would need to collect in order to answer this question is observing the students and how they process writing, some of their writing throughout the course of the year, and working with the students in a classroom setting. Working as a Reading Coach for 2nd Grade students, I already have and continue to gather this type of data as I work with the age group. My plan is to follow this same class to the next grade to use the e Learning content that I am designing based on the information I have and currently gaining while working with them. My next steps are to do more research on the usage of digital literacies tools within an ELA classroom setting and to also get started on the IRB process in order for me to come back next school year to work with them. 

Work Cited

.Stephanie. “Grounded Theory: Simple Definition and Examples.” Statistics How To, 22 Feb. 2019, http://www.statisticshowto.datasciencecentral.com/grounded-theory/.

Migilaccio, Todd & Melzer, Dan. Using Grounded Theory in Writing Assessment. The WAC Journal Volume 22 (2011): 78-88

The following is a link to my presentation!